Asam Garam
Essay
02 Oct 2021

Talking ‘Bout Tourism: Where Would You Like to Go?

Before diving in, let’s learn about the A-Z of tourism

Text
Andrea Hasan
Illustration
Nisrina Aulia
Topics
Asam Garam
Breakdown of Tourism
Tourism
Share Article

At times the words tourist” and “tourism” can have a bad connotation, we tend to avoid activities and places where tons of people are in one place at the same time. I hate to be the one who breaks it to you, but we’re all tourists no matter where we go or how often we go, that is outside of the city of residence. Those tourist-y places are crowded for a reason! They’re goddamn interesting. 

Tourism and its etymology

Tak kenal maka tak sayang (which means, know someone to love someone), are the words we often hear, same goes to the words we often use. The word tourism has its own history, histories to be exact. There are three different studies on the roots of “tourism”, the first origin of the word comes from the old Saxon term torn, torn-us (what gives turns) and torn-are (to give turns), it is roughly translated as a departure with the intention of returning. By the 12th century, the nouns of the original verbs are denominated with the suffix -er, a nobleman who goes on a trip and return to his/her place of departure would be called a torn-er, later on in the 18th through the 19th centuries, -er was substituted by the Latin -iste and Greek -isme, then in the 20th century the term tour-ist and the act of turning tour-ism are conceive, and are widely adopted in Spain. 

The second origin of the word was believed by the Semitic School in which tourism doesn’t derive from the Latin language rather from Old Aramaic. Tur was used for the trip, exploration, and movement of the people and was used for the first time when Moses began his expedition to the lands of Canaan. The term tur became widely adopted by the Latin European language and Saxon, almost at a similar time period. The last is a study by Onomastic School which links the origin of the concept to the last name of the French Aristocracy Della Tour. The Della Tour family was granted exclusive rights to conduct commercial transport and related business by the future King Carlos V after he signed the treaty with England in 1516. 

From these three studies of tourist” and “tourism”, we can see that they were used to describe the journey of the wealthy and upper class in the purpose of research, exploration, and business purposes. These days, tourism is not just for the mentioned purpose above, the types, forms and classifications vary.

International vs domestic tourism

Whether it’s domestic or international, there are different classifications – six distinct categories to be exact. Recreational or leisure tourism takes away a person from their everyday hustle and bustle to spend their leisure time at the mountains or beaches. Cultural tourism satisfies the curiosity of culture and intellect while involved in, for example, monument and historical places visits. Sports or adventure trips are taken by people with an eye for playing golf, skiing and hiking. Travelling for medical treatments, to a nice spa treatment, or even to hot springs falls into the health tourism classification. Convention tourism lies amongst the others, travelling within the country or overseas to attend conventions that meet their interests has been one of the important components of travel. The sixth is incentive tourism, usually offered by big companies to dealers or salesmen who achieve a high target in sales. 

While sustainable or agritourism are part of the forms of tourism; community-based, cultural, culinary, ecotourism, virtual, and many more are also considered in the tourism form. How times have changed, the main concerns now are how to contribute to saving the planet and conserving what we have while making a living in the tourism business. The aforementioned forms are the ones that should gain more attention to future tourists.

Agritourism, also referred to as agricultural tourism, is a subset of the rural tourism industry that focuses on the operations and involvement of tourists in or around farms. Community-based tourism is used to describe a vacation that would benefit both the visitors and the destination; it gives an opportunity for the local community to be actively involved in the development and management of tourism in the area. While cultural tourism is the experience of learning a particular culture. The activities include visiting museums, hunting tasty local food and drinks, and of course others. Culinary tourism on the other hand is the act of chasing unique and memorable eating and drinking experiences. As the sub sector of cultural tourism, it allows the tourist to try local authentic delicacies and take part in food and beverage related activities. 

In ecotourism, the main goal is to preserve the environment as well as the ecosystems; it commonly occurs in endangered natural environments. Some efforts of ecotourism include building tourist facilities that have a minimal impact on the natural environment, using products such as compost toilets (or worm toilets), solar-powered electricity, and other efforts of conservation. 

The difference between ecotourism and sustainable tourism is that sustainable tourism relies on the premise of taking care of not just the environment but also the society and economy whilst maximising the positive impacts and minimizing the negative impacts. It is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, as defined in the Brundtland report

Since the pandemic, people have also shifted to virtual tourism, some call it the alternative of travelling. By far, the act of using technology to stimulate a travel destination will never be the same as being present at a certain destination. Virtual tourism is mainly used as a marketing tool and for those who cannot leave their home, especially seniors. Virtual tourism is a way for them to explore the world. Though only a small part of the experience, it is just the beginning.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.